Mission 11, San Fernando Rey de Espa
San Fernando, CA
Book of Chants -- Chant, also called plainsong, is the earliest known written form of European music, consisting of a single melodic line sung in unison. From the style of notation shown here, this manuscript may have been copied by early mission priests. This page contains a prayer to "Virgo Prudentissima" or Mary, the "Virgin Most Prudent." Photo by Tom Jewett. Photo © copyright by Robert Hansen.